TEMPLES & PLACES TO VISIT IN MATHURA
An ancient city whose origins fade into the mists of history, Mathura's strategic location at the cross roads of various trade routes - that went westwards to West Asia and the Roman Empire; northwards, via Taxila, Pushkalavati and Purushapur to Central Asia and the Silk Route and eastwards to China - ensured its position as a center of trade and a meeting point for varied cultures. By the fifth century BC, during the time of Buddha, it was a major metropolis and the capital of the Surasena kingdom - one of the 16 Mahajanapadas of the period. Mathura saw its `golden age' during the rule of the Kushanas and the able governance of rulers like Kanishka, Huvishka, and Vasishka, when the arts flourished and economic wealth grew. It remained a center of power during the Mauryan period, through the enlightened rule of Emperor Ashoka to the Gupta era (4th century AD). The main places of attraction in Mathura are...
Shri Krishna Janmabhumi
Sri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple is the most sought after devout centers in Mathura. Its predominance over the other holy spots are due to the belief that the temple stands on the same place where lord Krishna was born to Devaki and Vasudev. Numerous articles excavated from the site bare testimony to the legendary story of Sri Krishna’a birth. This Temple is not only an important temple of Mathura but also of India. Built in 1814, this Temple is situated in the heart of the city of Mathura. Janmbhoomi Temple that is currently managed by the followers of the Vallabhacharya sect is the most visited temple in Mathura. Located in the eastern part of Mathura, not far from the Yamuna River, the temple is architecturaly very interesting
The Dvarkadhish Temple, built in 1814, is a popular temple in the center of Mathura town. This is the most visited temple in the center of Mathura and is managed by followers of Vallabhacarya. Once you enter this temple from the street, it is fairly interesting architecturally. It is located in the eastern part of Mathura, not far from the Yamuna River. The temple is a hub of activity during the festive days of Holi, Janmashtami and Divali.
As the name symbolizes Gita Mandir is a holy shrine where the entire text of Gita has inscribed on its precincts. This has become the most sought after tourist places in and around Mathura. The business tycoons of India The Birla group had built this stunning mandir. The temple architecture encompasses excellent craftsmanship with exquisite paintings and carvings. Sanctum of the temple is ornamented with a lovely idol of lord Krishna who is escorted by Lakshmi Narayana, Ram and Sita. Throughout the week the temple is open for poojas and during Holi and Janmashtami celebrations, the temple premises presents marvelous decorations.
Among the twenty five ghats in Mathura Vishram ghat acquires predominant position. Customary circumambulation of all the holy spots in Mathura begins and ends here at Vishram Ghat. Since the entire city is embellished with the fabulous tales of lord Krishna, Vishram Ghat is not an exception. Legend says that it was here that the lord took rest after killing Kamsa. The Vishram Ghat is surrounded with handsome temples such as the Neelkantheshwar Temple, Mukut Temple, Radha-Damodar Temple, Yamuna-Krishna Temple, Langali Hanuman Temple Narasimha temples and Murli Manohar Temple. One of the haunting sights that should not be missed is the aarti at the Vishram Ghat in each evening. Small oil lamps that glide on the river set the docile water sparkling and the reflection of thousands of glistening lights on the sinuous brook set a marvelous spectacle.
Constructed by Nabir -Khan the then Governer of Aurangaseab in the year 1661, Juma Masjid in Mathura gives a spellbound look with its intricately decorated four minarets. It is amazing to see that the mosaic plastering of these lofty structures still hold its vibrancy and charm. The structural design and architectural excellence of the holy shrine is incomparable. Situated adjacent to the Janmabhoomi temple complex, the impressive formation of the Jama Masjid creates a deep-seated intuition on the mind. This Masjid witnesses large turn out of devotees on all days and at the same time it happens to be a popular tourist attraction in Mathura now a days.
Mathura is famed for its great contribution in the field of arts and a special school of arts by name Mathura School originates from this legendary place. The Mathura Museum exposes some of the unique artifacts of Mathura school and it turns to be the most popular tourist destinations in the city. Established in the year 1874, this museum is a best podium for those who love to do research works in the field of art. Formerly called as the Curzon Museum, this Museum reflects the rich cultural heritage of the city at its true colour. This octagonal shaped building with red sand stone looks fabulously amazing. Among the various artifacts fine sculpture of Kushanas, gold, copper and silver coins, terrcota works , clay models, ancient pottery and paintings needs special mention. Statue of mother goddesses, stature of King Vima Kadphises sat on a lion throne and plates of the Sunga period are the other exceptional items on display.
Shri Jambu Swami Nirvan Sthal Digamber Jain Mandir Chaurasi
Amid the Bharat and Airavat Kshtera of Madhyalok Utsarpini and Avsarpini makes the timeline into different circles. The first kevali who initiated the moksha parampara of the present yug in chaturtha kaal was Anantvirya Bhagvan Bhaubali. Then 24 Tirthankars followed the salvation path and attained Nirvana. Jambu swami became the Last Kevali of Chaturtha kaal who was disciple of Gandhar Sudharmacharya to Mahavir. The only Vaishya Vanshiya Jambukumar attained the ultimate nirvana at age of 84 in the lush green place of uttar pradesh known as Mathura which at that time was surrounded by dense 84 forests. From the day it is known as Chaurasi (hindi of 84) and the pious land became sacred to all.
The Gayatri Tapobhoomi in Mathura, India was established by Pundit Shriram Sharma Acharya (Gurudev) in 1950 at the conclusion of his 24 Gayatri Mahapurasharan, or recitations of 240,000 Gayatri Mantras per year. The Gayatri Tapobhoomi was the Tapasthali (Place of Penance) of Pundit Shriram Sharma Acharya. Among the various artifacts fine sculpture of Kushanas, gold, copper and silver coins, terrcota works , clay models, ancient pottery and paintings needs special mention. Statue of mother goddesses, stature of King Vima Kadphises sat on a lion throne and plates of the Sunga period are the other exceptional items on display.
Jai Gurudev Naam Yog Sadhna Temple
Located at the national highway 2, Jai Gurudev Temple ( also known as Yog Sadhna Temple ) gives an impression of Taj Mahal look alike. The temple was constructed as a remeberance of Baba Jai Gurudev's guru ji(pandit ghurelal sharma ji) , Jai Gurudev dedicated the temple and the annual festival to the guru he followed in earlier life: Ghurelal Ji Maharaj, popularly known as 'Dada Guru'.