Government Arcaeological Museum, Mathura
The Government Museum, Mathura originally founded by F.S. Growse in 1874, is today one of the leading centres for research, study and the preservation of Mathura' s splendid heritage of art. The collections were shifted to the present building in the year 1930 from old but very beautifully carved imposing buff stone building. The museum housed in a fine octagonal, red sandstone building, located at Dampier Park, has the largest collection of Kushana sculptures in the country.
Collections in Mathura Museum
Regional in character its scope was limited primarily to the archeological finds from Mathura and adjoining area, the vast collection includes stone sculptures, basreliefs, architecural fragments and inscriptions etc. various faiths and creeds. Besides a good number of coins, there are thousands of terracottas, inscribed bricks, pottery pieces, clay seals, bronze objects and paintings etc. mostly hailing from Mathura region.
The museum has the richest and by far the most important collection of Mathura School of Sculptures of c. 3rd cent. B.C. to c. 12th cent. A. D. which attained the pinnacle of glory during the reign of Great Kushan and Gupta Emperors. With the most impressive quantum of plastic forms with vast and varied meaning on display, the museum provides perhaps the best material available for the study of Indian Art and Iconography. Probably Museum can boast of a better and a more varied collection of archeological material from one single region.